In May 2006 Western Carolina University released the results of a survey of state homeland security officials. Overall, the picture was not too encouraging. A couple of findings that seemed particularly salient:
- The majority of state officials said that DHS directives are not being implemented effectively at the state level.
- Although 88% of state officials say that prevention is the most important priority for the federal government, only 38% say that prevention is the most important priority for state government. At the same time, 73.5% say that prevention is the most difficult task for states to accomplish.